इंडिया न्यूज़, Punjab News : When the National average is 25.3 percent in terms of hypertension prevalence, Punjab is shooting up at 35.7 percent. As per National Family Health Survey that was conducted in the year 2020-2021, it is clear that Punjab is the only state where the populace is more prone to hypertension than any other state in India. All thanks to transfat, the lifestyle of Punjabis makes them an easy victim of Cardiovascular diseases.
The Daily Guardian spoke to the Community Medicine Professor Dr. Sonu Goel on this. Prof Goel exhorted that it has been concluded in many surveys including the NFHS survey that trans-fat is an invariable component of industrial fat and one of the major dietary factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, increasing the risk of heart disease by 21% and deaths by 28%. Many in the early age group of 35-50 years in Punjab who had become victims of uncontrolled high blood pressure, says Prof Sonu Goel.
“People with a previous family history of premature Chronic Heart Disease or stroke and a raised triglyceride level, modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diets, excessive salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans-fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables,” said Dr. Sonu Goel.
“Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the most found cause of disease burden. In recent years the rising burden of cardiovascular diseases and high disease severity has been one of the significant threats in low-income and middle-income countries compared with high-income countries. People who are young have a myth that heart attacks result only in old age. They should wake up and adopt a healthy lifestyle at the earliest. One should give at least one hour to physical activity and make sure not to ignore the body’s signals,” added Dr. Goel.
There is an increase in the rate of coronary artery disease (CAD) in India in the last three decades. There was a study published by the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research in 2016 states that Indians have three, six, and twenty times greater risk of hypertension than Americans, Chinese and Japanese populations respectively. “It is a matter of concern and there is a requirement to identify the factors responsible for its increasing prevalence, said Dr. Goel.